Pervez Musharraf * In The Line Of Fire

1264605564

Pervez Musharraf * In The Line Of Fire

sakhawat.ali.129794@facebook.com • Chand.virk.75@facebook.com • 03023937387

Bahawalnagar,Dahranwala,Punjab,Pakistan

Ch M.Chand Virk

                                         *Desert MoON*

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Pervez Musharraf پرویز مشرف

Military offices

Military offices

Preceded by
Khalid Latif Mughal
Commander of I Corps1995–1998 Succeeded by
Saleem Haider
Preceded by
Jehangir Karamat
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee
1998–2001
Succeeded by
Aziz Khan
Chief of Army Staff
1998–2007
Succeeded by
Ashfaq Parvez Kayani
Political offices
Preceded by
Nawaz Sharif
as Prime Minister of Pakistan
Chief Executive of Pakistan
1999–2002
Succeeded by
Zafarullah Khan Jamali
as Prime Minister of Pakistan
Preceded by
Nawaz Sharif
Minister of Defence
1999–2002
Succeeded by
Rao Sikandar Iqbal
Preceded by
Muhammad Rafiq Tarar
President of Pakistan
2001–2008
Succeeded by
Muhammad Mian Soomro
Acting
Party political offices
New political party Leader of the All Pakistan Muslim League
2010–present
Incumbent

Notes

  1. “Musharraf disqualified from Pakistan election”. 3 News (New Zealand). 17 April 2013. Archived from the original on 16 April 2014.
  2. Jump up^ “Pakistani ex-President Musharraf charged with high treason”. RT News (TV-Novosti) (Russia). 31 March 2014. Archived from the original on 31 March 2014.
  3. Jump up^ “Profile: Pervez Musharraf”. BBC News. 16 June 2009. Archived from the original on 21 July 2009.
  4. ^ Jump up to:a b “India Remembers ‘Baby Musharraf'”. BBC News. 15 April 2005.
  5. ^ Jump up to:a b c Dixit, Jyotindra Nath (2002). “Implications of the Kargil War”. India-Pakistan in War & Peace (2nd ed.). London: Routledge. pp. 28–35. ISBN 978-0-415-30472-6.
  6. ^ Jump up to:a b c d e f Dugger, Celia W. (26 October 1999). “Pakistan Ruler Seen as ‘Secular-Minded’ Muslim”. The New York Times.
  7. ^ Jump up to:a b “Musharraf Mother Meets Indian PM”. BBC News (21 March 2005).
  8. ^ Jump up to:a b c d e Ajami, Fouad (15 June 2011). “Review: In the Line of Fire: A Memoir by Pervez Musharraf”. The New York Times.
  9. ^ Jump up to:a b c d e Jacob, Satish (13 July 2001). “Musharraf’s Family Links to Delhi”. BBC News.
  10. ^ Jump up to:a b “Profile – Pervez Musharraf”. BBC 4. 12 August 2003. Archived from the original on 12 April 2010.
  11. Jump up^ Musharraf, Pervez (2006). In the Line of Fire: A Memoir. Simon and Schuster. p. 34.ISBN 9780743298438.
  12. ^ Jump up to:a b c “Pakistan’s Self-appointed Democratic Leader”.CNN. 4 May 2003. Archived from the original on 3 April 2012.
  13. ^ Jump up to:a b c d e f g Worth, Richard. “Time of Trials”. Pervez Musharraf. New York: Chelsea House, 2007. pp. 32–39ISBN 1438104723
  14. ^ Jump up to:a b c d e f g h i Chitkara, M. G. “Pervez Bonaparte Musharraf”. Indo-Pak Relations: Challenges before New Millennium. New Delhi: A.P.H. Pub., 2001. pp. 135–36ISBN 8176482722
  15. ^ Jump up to:a b c “FACTBOX – Facts about Pakistani Leader Pervez Musharraf”. Reuters (18 August 2008).
  16. Jump up^ “General Pervez Musharraf, President and Chief Executive of Pakistan”. CNN (28 June 2001).
  17. Jump up^ Adil, Adnan. “Profile: Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain”. BBC News (29 June 2004).
  18. Jump up^ “Biography: Pervez Musharraf”. The Daily Bell. Archived from the original on 6 August 2011.
  19. Jump up^ Musharraf Regime and Governance Crises. United States: Nova Science Publishers. p. 275. ISBN 1-59033-135-4. Retrieved 6 June 2012
  20. ^ Jump up to:a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w Musharraf, Pervez (25 September 2006). In the Line of Fire: A Memoir (1 ed.). Pakistan: Free Press (publisher). pp. 40–60.ISBN 074-3283449. Retrieved 17 May 2012.
  21. Jump up^ “Q&A on What’s Happening in Pakistan”. MSNBC. 5 November 2007. Archived from the original on 24 December 2013.
  22. ^ Jump up to:a b c d e f g h Crossette, Barbara. “Coup in Pakistan – Man in the News; A Soldier’s Soldier, Not a Political General”. The New York Times (13 October 1999).
  23. ^ Jump up to:a b “Pakistan’s Chief Executive a Formar Commando”.New Straits Times (16 October 1999).
  24. Jump up^ Schmetzer, Uli. “Coup Leader Is Hawkish Toward India”. Chicago Tribune. Battle of Asal Uttar (13 October 1999).
  25. ^ Jump up to:a b c d e f g h i Weaver, Mary Anne. “General On Tightrope”. Pakistan: in the Shadow of Jihad and Afghanistan. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2003.pp. 25–31 ISBN 0374528861
  26. ^ Jump up to:a b c Harmon, Daniel E. “A Nation Under Military Rule”. Pervez Musharraf: President of Pakistan. New York: Rosen Pub., 2008. pp. 44–47 ISBN 1404219056
  27. ^ Jump up to:a b Musharraf, Pervez (2006). In the Line of Fire. Islamabad, Pakistan: Free Press. p. 79. ISBN 074-3283449.
  28. ^ Jump up to:a b c d e f g h i j k John, Wilson (2002). The General and Jihad (1 ed.). Washington D.C.: Pentagon Press. p. 45.ISBN 81-8274-158-0.
  29. ^ Jump up to:a b c Kapur, S. Paul. “The Covert Nuclear Period”. Dangerous Deterrent: Nuclear Weapons Proliferation and Conflict in South Asia. Singapore: NUS, 2009. pp. 117–18 ISBN 9971694433
  30. Jump up^ Wilson John, pp209
  31. ^ Jump up to:a b c d e Journalist and author George Crile’s book, Charlie Wilson’s War (Grove Press, New York, 2003)
  32. ^ Jump up to:a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Hiro, Dilip. Apocalyptic realm : jihadists in South Asia. New Haven: Yale University Press. pp. 200–210. ISBN 0300173784.
  33. Jump up^ Zinni, Tom Clancy with Tony; Koltz, Tony (2004). Battle ready (Berkley trade pbk. ed. ed.). New York: Putnam.ISBN 0-399-15176-1.
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  35. Jump up^ “Musharraf Vs. Sharif: Who’s Lying?”. The Weekly Voice. 2 October 2006. Archived from the original on 15 July 2007.
  36. Jump up^ Victory in reverse: the great climbdown at theWayback Machine (archived February 17, 2007), For this submission what gain? at the Wayback Machine(archived February 4, 2007) by Ayaz AmirDawn (newspaper)
  37. ^ Jump up to:a b Daily Times Report (9 October 2002). “Musharraf planned coup much before Oct 12: Fasih Bokhari”. Daily Times (Pakistan). Retrieved 16 May 2012. “Former Navy chief says the general feared court martial for masterminding Kargil”
  38. ^ Jump up to:a b c Kargil was a bigger disaster than 1971 – Interview of Lt Gen Ali Kuli Khan Khattak.
  39. Jump up^ Haleem, S. A. (19 October 2006). “Sweet and bitter memories (Review of In the Line of Fire by Pervez Musharraf)”. Jang. Archived from the original on 24 November 2006.
  40. ^ Jump up to:a b c PAF Release. “Air Chief Marshal Parvaiz Mehdi Qureshi, NI(M), S Bt”. PAF Directorate for Public Relations. PAF Gallery and Press Release. Retrieved 16 May 2012.
  41. ^ Jump up to:a b Masood, Shahid (3 June 2008). “Former general for making an example of Musharraf”. GEO News Network.Archived from the original on 6 June 2008.
  42. ^ Jump up to:a b c Weiner, Tim. “Countdown to Pakistan’s Coup: A Duel of Nerves in the Air”, The New York Times (17 October 1999).
  43. Jump up^ Neilan, Terence (1 October 1999). “World Briefing”.The New York Times. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
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  47. ^ Jump up to:a b c Dugger, Celia W., and Raja Zulfikar. “Pakistan Military Completes Seizure of All Authority”. The New York Times (15 October 1999)
  48. Jump up^ Dugger, Celia W. “Pakistan Calm After Coup; Leading General Gives No Clue About How He Will Rule”. The New York Times (14 October 1999).
  49. Jump up^ Goldenberg, Suzanne. “Musharraf Strives to Soften Coup Image”. The Guardian (16 October 1999).
  50. Jump up^ Weiner, Tim, and Steve LeVINE. “Pakistani General Forms New Panel to Govern the Nation”. The New York Times (18 October 1999).
  51. ^ Jump up to:a b c d Dugger, Celia W. “Pakistan’s New Leader Is Struggling to Assemble His Cabinet”. The New York Times (23 October 1999).
  52. Jump up^ Kershner, Isabel, and Mark Landler. “Pakistan’s Leaders Appoint Regional Governors”. The New York Times (22 October 1999).
  53. ^ Jump up to:a b McCarthy, Rory. “Sharif Family Alone against the Military”. The Guardian (1 April 2000)
  54. Jump up^ “Pakistan profile – Timeline”. BBC News. 28 November 2011.
  55. Jump up^ “Pakistan ‘disappoints’ Commonwealth”. BBC News (29 October 1999).
  56. Jump up^ Tran, Mark. “Hold Elections or Face Sanctions, Cook Tells Zimbabwe”. The Guardian (2 May 2000).
  57. Jump up^ SOUTH ASIA | Profile: General Pervez Musharraf. BBC News (24 September 2001). Retrieved on 23 January 2011.
  58. ^ Jump up to:a b c Anwar, PN, Commodor Dr. Muhammad (2008).Stolen Stripes and Broke Medals (1 ed.). Bloomington, Indiana (state), United States: AuthorHouse TradeMark. pp. 252–253;260/273. ISBN 978-1-4259-0020-5.
  59. Jump up^ By the CNN Wire Staff (10 February 2012). “Former Admirals wants Musharraf to come back home.”. CNN 22 January 2012| (CNN). Retrieved 16 May 2012.
  60. ^ Jump up to:a b c “Musharraf Holds Talks with the Saudis”. New Straits Times Malaysia (26 October 1999).
  61. ^ Jump up to:a b Dugger, Celia W. “Pakistan Military Says 7 Civilians Will Join New Government”. The New York Times (26 October 1999).
  62. ^ Jump up to:a b Burke, Jason. “Army Throws Open First Family’s Palace”. The Guardian (29 October 1999).
  63. Jump up^ Dugger, Celia W. (6 March 2000). “Pakistanis, Eager for Change, Are Left Frustrated After Coup”. The New York Times.
  64. Jump up^ Kershner, Isabel, and Mark Landler. “Pakistan’s Ruler Rejects Calls for Referendum” The New York Times (4 November 1999).
  65. Jump up^ Perlez, Jane (26 January 2000). “Pakistanis Lost Control Of Militants, U.S. Hints”. The New York Times.
  66. Jump up^ “Fallout from Flight 814”. Time Magazine. 1 January 2000. Archived from the original on 18 October 2011.
  67. Jump up^ Perlez, Jane (25 January 2000). “U.S. Asserts Pakistan Backed Hijacking of Air India Jetliner”. The New York Times.
  68. Jump up^ Pakistanis Lost Control Of Militants, U.S. Hints. NYTimes (26 January 2000)
  69. ^ Jump up to:a b Staff report (2009). “Profile: Gen. (R) Mirza Aslam Beg”. Pakistan Herald. Archived from the original on 2 January 2010.
  70. ^ Jump up to:a b Dugger, Celia W. (11 November 1999) “Treason Charge For Pakistan’s Ousted Premier”. The New York Times.
  71. Jump up^ Kershner, Isabel, and Mark Landler. “Pakistan on Trial”. The New York Times (12 November 1999).
  72. Jump up^ Kershner, Isabel, and Mark Landler. “Justice on Trial in Pakistan”. The New York Times (24 December 1999).
  73. ^ Jump up to:a b Kershner, Isabel, and Mark Landler. “Clash Over India Led to Coup, Pakistan’s Ex-Premier Testifies”. The New York Times (9 March 2000)
  74. Jump up^ Bearak, Barry (20 November 1999). “Ousted Leader in Pakistan Appears in Public for Trial”. The New York Times.
  75. ^ Jump up to:a b McCarthy, Rory. “Gunmen Shoot Dead Lawyer of Deposed Pakistani Leader Sharif”. The Guardian (11 March 2000)
  76. Jump up^ Smith, Alex Duval. “Cook Warning over Show Trial for Sharif Asia, World – The Independent”. (12 November 1999).
  77. Jump up^ “Cook Warns against Pakistan ‘show Trial'”. The Guardian (12 November 1999).
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  81. Jump up^ “Musharraf vows to root out Islamism: Banned outfits won’t be allowed to resurface”. Dawn. 5 December 2003.Archived from the original on 22 April 2014.
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  83. Jump up^ Barbara Ferguson Musharraf Talks to Jewish Leaders, Arab News (19 September 2005)[dead link]
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  85. Jump up^ “Rival Pakistan offers India help”. BBC News. 30 January 2001. Retrieved 22 April 2014.
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  90. ^ Jump up to:a b c d Pakistani Atomic Expert, Arrested Last Week, Had Strong Pro-Taliban Views, The New York Times, 2 November 2001.
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  95. ^ Jump up to:a b c “ARD urged to cooperate with MMA: Requisitioning of NA session”. Dawn Archives, 2004. Dawn Media Group. 20 February 2004. p. 1. Retrieved 18 December 2012.
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  100. Jump up^ Abbas, Zaffar (2 May 2006). “Pakistan nuclear case ‘is closed'”. BBC News.
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  102. ^ Jump up to:a b Pakistani Says Army Knew Atomic Parts Were Shipped, AP Wire story in The New York Times, 2008-07-05
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  104. Jump up^ By the BBC’s Owen Bennett Jones (23 January 2002).“SOUTH ASIA | Musharraf’s corruption crackdown ‘failing'”. BBC News. Retrieved 30 November 2012.
  105. Jump up^ Citigroup (NYSE:CCI) Global Consumer Business Announces Management Structure at the Wayback Machine (archived September 30, 2007), 13 October 1998
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  112. Jump up^ Dr. Maher. “’دعویٰ ہے کیپٹن حماد ملوث نہیں‘” [‘Captain Hammad claims involved’]. BBC Urdu (in Urdu) (News). Retrieved 30 November 2012.
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  118. Jump up^ “South Asia | Pakistani women march in rape row”. BBC News. 29 September 2005. Retrieved 30 November 2012.
  119. Jump up^ “South Asia | Arrests follow Musharraf attack”. BBC News. 27 December 2003. Retrieved 30 November 2012.
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  132. Jump up^ Nawaz Sharif vows to return home again, The Sunday Times, 23 September 2007
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  142. Jump up^ Draft of ruling coalition’s joint statement finalized. PakTribune (7 August 2008)
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  166. Jump up^ Pakistan Issues Arrest Warrant issued an arrest warrant
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  180. Jump up^ “Musharraf on the run after bail cancellation”. DAWN. 18 April 2013. Retrieved 18 February 2014.
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  182. ^ Jump up to:a b c “Pakistani police arrest Pervez Musharraf in Islamabad”. BBC. 19 April 2013. Retrieved 19 April 2013.
  183. Jump up^ Former Pakistan president Pervez Musharraf arrested
  184. Jump up^ Leiby, Richard (19 April 2013). “Musharraf arrest tempts clash of powers”. The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 19 April 2014.
  185. Jump up^ “Musharraf remanded over Benazir Bhutto case”. BBC News Asia. 26 April 2013. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
  186. Jump up^ “Former Pakistani dictator Musharraf granted bail”. Reuters. 20 May 2013. Archived from the original on 21 May 2013.
  187. Jump up^ “Pakistan court allows Pervez Musharraf to leave the country”. IANS. news.biharprabha.com. Retrieved 12 June 2014.
  188. Jump up^ Musharraf ‘conspired’ to kill Benazir. Nation.com.pk. Retrieved on 2013-08-03.
  189. Jump up^ “Pakistan’s Pervez Musharraf charged in Benazir Bhutto’s death”. Fox News. 20 August 2013. Archived from the original on 2 April 2014.
  190. Jump up^ “Pakistani police investigate Musharraf in mosque raid”. The Boston Globe. 2 September 2013. Archived from the original on 22 April 2014.[dead link]
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    “General Pervez Musharraf”. Office of the Press Secretary to the President of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. 2006. Archived from the original on 2008-07-05. Retrieved 2006-08-30.

Personal life

220px-Pervez_Mushrraf2_cropMusharraf is the second son with two brothers – Javed and Naved.[6][7][14] Javed retired as a high-level official in Pakistan’s civil service.[14] Naved is an anesthesiologist who has lived in Chicago since completing his residency training at Loyola University Medical Center in 1979.[6][14]
Musharraf married Sehba on 28 December 1968.[13] Sehba is from Karachi. They have a daughter, Ayla, and a son, Bilal.[14][192]
Musharraf published his autobiography — In the Line of Fire: A Memoir — in 2006.

See also

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Return to Pakistan

images (1)

Since the start of 2011, news had circulated that Musharraf would return to Pakistan before the 2013 general election. He himself vowed this in several interviews. On Piers Morgan Tonight, Musharraf announced his plans to return to Pakistan on 23 March 2012 in order to seek the Presidency in 2013.[170] The Taliban[171] and Talal Bugti[172] threatened to kill him should he return.[173][174] On 3 April 2014, Musharraf was escaped the fourth assassination attempt, resulting in an injury of a woman, according to Pakistani news.[175]

Electoral disqualification

On 24 March 2013, after a four-year self imposed exile, he returned to Pakistan.[171][172] He landed at Jinnah International Airport, Karachi, via a chartered Emirates flight with Pakistani journalists and foreign news correspondents at around 12:40 PM PST. Hundreds of his supporters and workers of APML were at Karachi airport to welcome him. He also delivered a short public speech outside the airport lounge.[176]
On 16 April 2013, an electoral tribunal in Chitral declared Musharraf disqualified from candidacy there, effectively quashing his political ambitions (several other constituencies had previously rejected Musharraf’s nominations).[177] A spokesperson for Musharraf’s party said the ruling was “biased” and they would appeal the decision.[1]

House arrest

While Musharraf had technically been on bail since his return to the country,[178] on 18 April 2013 The Islamabad High Courtordered the arrest of Musharraf on charges relating to the 2007 arrests of judges.[179] Musharraf escaped from court with the aide of his security personnel, and went to his farm-house mansion.[180] The following day Musharraf was under house arrest[181] but was later transferred to police headquarters in Islamabad.[182] Musharraf characterized his arrest as “politically motivated”[183][184] and his legal team has declared their intention to fight the charges in the Supreme Court.[182] Further to the charges of this arrest, the Senate also passed a resolution petitioning that Musharraf be charged with high treason in relation to the events of 2007.[182]

Court arrest orders

On Friday 26 April 2013 the court ordered house arrest for Musharraf in connection with the death of Benazir Bhutto.[185] On 20 May, a Pakistani court granted bail to Musharraf.[186] On 12 June 2014 Sindh High Court allowed him to travel abroad.[187]

Murder cases investigations

On 25 June 2013, Musharraf was named as prime suspect in two separate cases, first Benazir Bhutto‘s assassination and second being Akbar Bugti case by Federal Investigation Agency for masterminding a conspiracy to assassinations ofBenazir Bhutto and Akbar Bugti.[188]
On 20 August 2013, a Pakistani court indicted Musharraf in the assassination of Bhutto.[189]
On 2 September 2013, a FIR was registered against Pervez Musharraf for his role in Lal Masjid Operation 2007. The FIR was lodged after the son of slain hard line cleric Abdul Rahid Ghazi ( who was killed during the operation ) asked authorities bring charges against Musharraf.[190][191]

Pervez Musharraf پرویز مشرف‎

images (8)On 18 August 2008, Musharraf announced his resignation. On the following day, he defended his nine-year rule in an hour-long televised speech.[144][145] On 23 November 2008 he left for exile in London where he arrived the following day.[146]

Academia and lectureship

After his resignation, Musharraf went to perform a holy pilgrimage to Makkah [Mecca]. He then went on a speaking and lectureship tour through the Middle East, Europe, and United States. Chicago-based Embark LLC was one of the international public-relations firms trying to land Musharraf as a highly paid keynote speaker.[147]According to Embark President David B. Wheeler, the speaking fee for Musharraf would be in the $150,000–200,000 range for a day plus jet and other V.I.P. arrangements on the ground.[147] In 2011, he also lectured at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace on politics and racism where he also authored and published a paper with George Perkvich.[148]

Return to politics and formation of All Pakistan Muslim League

Since quitting politics in 2008, Musharraf has been in London since 24 November 2008[146] in self-imposed exile. Musharraf launched his own political party, the All Pakistan Muslim League, in June 2010.[149][150][151]
On 1 October 2010, Musharraf officially launched him as a President of the party, All Pakistan Muslim League.[152]

Legal threats and actions

Pervez Musharraf speaking at theWEF.

The PML-N has tried to get Pervez Musharraf to stand trial in an article 6 trial for treason in relation to the emergency on 3 November 2007.[153] The Prime Minister of Pakistan Yousaf Raza Gilani has said a consensus resolution is required in national assembly for an article 6 trial of Pervez Musharraf[154]“I have no love lost for Musharraf … if parliament decides to try him, I will be with parliament. Article 6 cannot be applied to one individual … those who supported him are today in my cabinet and some of them have also joined the PML-N … the MMA, the MQM and the PML-Q supported him … this is why I have said that it is not doable,” said the Prime Minister while informally talking to editors and also replying to questions by journalists at an Iftar-dinner he had hosted for them.[155] Although the constitution of Pakistan, Article 232 and Article 236, provides for emergencies,[156] and on 15 February 2008, the interim Pakistan Supreme Court attempted to validated the Proclamation of Emergency on 3 November 2007, the Provisional Constitution Order No 1 of 2007 and the Oath of Office (Judges) Order, 2007,[157] after the Supreme Court judges were restored to the bench,[158] on 31 July 2009, they ruled that Musharraf had violated the constitution when he declared emergency rule in 2007.[159][160]
Saudi Arabia exerted its influence to attempt to prevent treason charges, under Article 6 of the constitution, from being brought against Musharraf, citing existing agreements between the states,[161][162] as well as pressuring Sharif directly.[163]As it turned out, it was not Sharif’s decision to make.[164]
Abbottabad’s district and sessions judge in a missing person‘s case passed judgment asking the authorities to declare Pervez Musharraf a proclaimed offender.[165] On 11 February 2011 the Anti Terrorism Court,[166] issued an arrest warrant for Musharraf and charged him with conspiracy to commit murder of Benazir Bhutto. On 8 March 2011, the Sindh High Courtregistered treason charges against him.[164]

Views on Pakistani police commandos

Regarding the Lahore attack on Sri Lankan players, Musharraf criticized the police commandos’ inability to kill any of the gunmen, saying “If this was the elite force I would expect them to have shot down those people who attacked them, the reaction, their training should be on a level that if anyone shoots toward the company they are guarding, in less than three seconds they should shoot the man down.”[167][168]

Views on the blasphemy laws in Pakistan

Regarding the Blasphemy laws in Pakistan, Musharraf said that Pakistan is sensitive to religious issues and that the blasphemy law should stay.[169]